1. The UK Parliament has recently (October 2015) published a report 'Mindful Nation UK' that reviews the scientific evidence for Mindfulness and current best practice. It recommends:
- increasing the availability of Mindfulness on the NHS,
- doing more work to make Mindfulness available in schools for both pupils and teachers,
- making Mindfulness freely available to prisoners who are suffering from depression
- increasing availability of Mindfulness in the workplace to help manage work related stress and increase organisational effectiveness.
2. Erik Passsig talks about Mindfulness and MindWorks' approach
Mindfulness course intro by Erik Passig Core process Psychotherapist and Mindfulness trainer
3. The Oxford University Mindfulness Centre's website publishes up to date research into Mindfulness and also has other useful resources.
5. Jon Kabat Zinn, Richard Davison and Amishi Jha 'Becoming Conscious' video panel debate discusses a number of aspects of Mindfulness including the neuroscience studies that have demonstrated it's benefits.
6. Mindfulness based stress reduction (MBSR) when undertaken in a systematic way has been shown to have a number of benefits including a reduction of suffering associated with a wide range of medical conditions. Studies also suggest improvements in well being, quality of life together with a decrease in anxiety and depression. A brief summary of some of the scientific research that demonstrates some of the main benefits of undertaking a mindfulness programme are given below.
- On one study involving an 8 week MBSR programme 58 female patients with fibromyalgia were scaled for pain, pain perception, coping strategies and a symptom checklist initially, at the end of the study and after a 3 year follow up. A significant improvement (Cohen effect size 0.4 -1.0 initially and 0.5-0.65 after 3 years) was recorded in all areas. (Karger, Pyschotherapy and Pyschosomatics Vol 76, No 4, 2007).
Considerable reduction in percentage of depressive and anxiety symptoms in adults, with one study showing a reduction from a mean pre course depression score of 35.7 to post course 17.8 and mean pre course anxiety score of 32.0 being reduced to a post course score of 20.5 (Finucane and Mercer, B.M.C. Psychiatry Vol 6 2006).
A more recent study has shown that Mindfulness can be as effective as anti-depressants for managing depression. The study involved 424 patients with half continuing with their normal regime of anti-depressants and half undertaking a Mindfulness Based Cognitive Therapy programme. After two years there was no difference in the rate of relapse to depression amongst the two groups. (Willem Kuyken, The Lancet, Vol 386, July 2015).
In a study using MBSR with patients suffering from psoriasis, skin status was monitored during the study and results indicated patients using MBSR showed a fourfold increase in the rate of resolution of psoriatic lesions compared to those using light therapy alone (Kabat-Zinn, Randomised Clinical Trials).
MBSR has also been shown to have an impact on smoking cessation with one pilot study indicating an abstinence rate of 56% after a 6 week programme compared to 33% from a previous study using moderately intensive counselling alone. (Davis, Flemming, Bonus and Baker B.M.C Volume 7, 2007).
Finally a six week study involving anxious children suggests that mindfulness can be taught to children and holds promise as an effective intervention for anxiety symptoms. (Journal of Cognitive Psychotherapy, Vol 19, No 4, 2005).